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飛箱1

[雙語故事]      來源:

The Flying Trunk(1)

 

The Flying Trunk背景知識

(1839年)
這是一個阿拉伯的故事,在《一千零一夜》中可以找到它的原形。但安徒生卻作了不同的處理,把它和現實的人生與世態結合了起來:那個商人的兒子的錢花光了,“他的朋友們再也不愿意跟他來往了,因為他再也不能跟他們一道逛街。”但是當他快要成為駙馬時,他買了些焰火和炮竹,以及種種可以想象得到的鞭炮,使所有的人享受一番歡樂。這時大家都 稱贊他說:“他的眼睛像一對發光的星星,他的胡須像起泡沫的水!”“他穿著一件火外套飛行”,“許多最美麗的天使藏在他的衣褶里向外窺望。”他成了土耳奇的神。但是樂極生悲,焰火的一顆星星落下來,點起一把火。箱子已經化成灰燼了。他再也飛不起來了,也沒有辦法到他的新娘那兒去。他和公主結婚的安排成了泡影。這個故事有許多東西值得人們深思。



By Hans Christian Andersen
(1838)
THERE was once a merchant who was so rich that he could have paved the whole street with gold, and would even then have had enough for a small alley. But he did not do so; he knew the value of money better than to use it in this way. So clever was he, that every shilling he put out brought him a crown; and so he continued till he died. His son inherited his wealth, and he lived a merry life with it; he went to a masquerade every night, made kites out of five pound notes, and threw pieces of gold into the sea instead of stones, making ducks and drakes of them.

In this manner he soon lost all his money. At last he had nothing left but a pair of slippers, an old dressing-gown, and four shillings. And now all his friends deserted him, they could not walk with him in the streets; but one of them, who was very good-natured, sent him an old trunk with this message, “Pack up!” “Yes,” he said, “it is all very well to say 'pack up,'” but he had nothing left to pack up, therefore he seated himself in the trunk.

It was a very wonderful trunk; no sooner did any one press on the lock than the trunk could fly. He shut the lid and pressed the lock, when away flew the trunk up the chimney with the merchant's son in it, right up into the clouds. Whenever the bottom of the trunk cracked, he was in a GREat fright, for if the trunk fell to pieces he would have made a tremendous Somerset over the trees. However, he got safely in his trunk to the land of Turkey. He hid the trunk in the wood under some dry leaves, and then went into the town: he could do this very well, for the Turks always go about dressed in dressing-gowns and slippers, as he was himself. He happened to meet a nurse with a little child. “I say, you Turkish nurse,” cried he, “what castle is that near the town, with the windows placed so high?”  

“The king's daughter lives there,” she replied; “it has been prophesied that she will be very unhappy about a lover, and therefore no one is allowed to visit her, unless the king and queen are present.”

“Thank you,” said the merchant's son. So he went back to the wood, seated himself in his trunk, flew up to the roof of the castle, and crept through the window into the princess's room. She lay on the sofa asleep, and she was so beautiful that the merchant's son could not help kissing her. Then she awoke, and was very much frightened; but he told her he was a Turkish angel, who had come down through the air to see her, which pleased her very much. He sat down by her side and talked to her: he said her eyes were like beautiful dark lakes, in which the thoughts swam about like little mermaids, and he told her that her forehead was a snowy mountain, which contained splendid halls full of pictures. And then he related to her about the stork who brings the beautiful children from the rivers. These were delightful stories; and when he asked the princess if she would marry him, she consented immediately.

“But you must come on Saturday,” she said; “for then the king and queen will take tea with me. They will be very proud when they find that I am going to marry a Turkish angel; but you must think of some very pretty stories to tell them, for my parents like to hear stories better than anything. My mother prefers one that is deep and moral; but my father likes something funny, to make him laugh.”

“Very well,” he replied; “I shall bring you no other marriage portion than a story,” and so they parted. But the princess gave him a sword which was studded with gold coins, and these he could use.

Then he flew away to the town and bought a new dressing-gown, and afterwards returned to the wood, where he composed a story, so as to be ready for Saturday, which was no easy matter. It was ready however by Saturday, when he went to see the princess. The king, and queen, and the whole court, were at tea with the princess; and he was received with GREat politeness.

“Will you tell us a story?” said the queen, “one that is instructive and full of deep learning.”

“Yes, but with something in it to laugh at,” said the king.

“Certainly,” he replied, and commenced at once, asking them to listen attentively. “There was once a bundle of matches that were exceedingly proud of their high descent. Their genealogical tree, that is, a large pine-tree from which they had been cut, was at one time a large, old tree in the wood. The matches now lay between a tinder-box and an old iron saucepan, and were talking about their youthful days.

'Ah! then we GREw on the GREen boughs, and were as GREen as they; every morning and evening we were fed with diamond drops of dew. Whenever the sun shone, we felt his warm rays, and the little birds would relate stories to us as they sung. We knew that we were rich, for the other trees only wore their GREen dress in summer, but our family were able to array themselves in GREen, summer and winter. But the wood-cutter came, like a GREat revolution, and our family fell under the axe. The head of the house obtained a situation as mainmast in a very fine ship, and can sail round the world when he will. The other branches of the family were taken to different places, and our office now is to kindle a light for common people. This is how such high-born people as we came to be in a kitchen.'

“'Mine has been a very different fate,' said the iron pot, which stood by the matches; 'from my first entrance into the world I have been used to cooking and scouring. I am the first in this house, when anything solid or useful is required. My only pleasure is to be made clean and shining after dinner, and to sit in my place and have a little sensible conversation with my neighbors. All of us, excepting the water-bucket, which is sometimes taken into the courtyard, live here together within these four walls. We get our news from the market-basket, but he sometimes tells us very unpleasant things about the people and the government. Yes, and one day an old pot was so alarmed, that he fell down and was broken to pieces. He was a liberal, I can tell you.'

“'You are talking too much,' said the tinder-box, and the steel struck against the flint till some sparks flew out, crying, 'We want a merry evening, don't we?'


I. Reference Version (參考譯文) 


從前有一個商人,非常有錢,他的銀元可以用來鋪滿一整條街,而且多余的還可以用來鋪一條小巷。不過他沒有這樣作:他有別的方法使用他的錢,他拿出一個毫子,必定要賺回一些錢。他就是這樣一個商人——后來他死了。他的兒子現在繼承了全部的錢財;他生活得很愉快;他每晚去參加化裝跳舞會,用紙幣做風箏,用金幣——而不用石片——在海邊玩著打水漂的游戲。

這樣,錢就很容易花光了;他的錢就真的這樣花光了。最后他只剩下四個毫子,此外還有一雙便鞋和一件舊睡衣。他的朋友們現在再也不愿意跟他來往了,因為他再也不能跟他們一道逛街。不過這些朋友中有一位心地很好的人,送給他一只箱子,說:“把你的東西收拾進去吧!”這意思是很好的,但是他并沒有什么東西可以收拾進去,因此他就自己坐進箱子里去。

這是一只很滑稽的箱子。一個人只須把它的鎖按一下,這箱子就可以飛起來。它真的飛起來了。噓——箱子帶著他從煙囪里飛出去了,高高地飛到云層里,越飛越遠。箱子底發出響聲,他非常害怕,怕它裂成碎片,因為這樣一來,他的筋斗可就翻得不簡單了!愿上帝保佑!他居然飛到土耳奇人住的國度里去了。他把箱子藏在樹林里的枯葉子下面,然后就走進城里來。這倒不太困難,因為土耳奇人穿著跟他一樣的衣服:一雙拖鞋和一件睡衣。他碰到一個牽著孩子的奶媽。“喂,您——土耳奇的奶媽,”他說,“城邊的那座宮殿的窗子開得那么高,究竟是怎么一回事???”

“那是國王的女兒居住的地方呀!”她說。“有人曾經作過預言,說她將要因為一個愛人而變得非常不幸,因此誰也不能去看她,除非國王和王后也在場。”

“謝謝您!”商人的兒子說。他回到樹林里來,坐進箱子,飛到屋頂上,偷偷地從窗口爬進公主的房間。公主正躺在沙發上睡覺。她是那么美麗,商人的兒子忍不住吻了她一下。于是她醒來了,大吃一驚。不過他說他是土耳奇人的神,現在是從空中飛來看她的。這話她聽來很舒服。這樣,他們就挨在一起坐著。他講了一些關于她的眼睛的故事。他告訴她說:這是一對最美麗的、烏黑的湖,思想像人魚一樣在里面游來游去。于是他又講了一些關于她的前額的故事。他說它像一座雪山,上面有最華麗的大廳和圖畫。他又講了一些關于鸛鳥的故事:它們送來可愛的嬰兒。(注:鸛鳥是一種長腿的候鳥。它經常在屋頂上做窠。像燕子一樣,它到冬天就飛走了,據說是飛到埃及去過冬。丹麥人非常喜歡這種鳥。根據它們的民間傳說,小孩是鸛鳥從埃及送到世界來的。)是的,這都是些好聽的故事!于是他向公主求婚。她馬上就答應了。

“不過你在星期六一定要到這兒來,”她說。“那時國王和王后將會來和我一起吃茶!我能跟一位土耳奇人的神結婚,他們一定會感到驕傲。不過,請注意,你得準備一個好聽的故事,因為我的父母都是喜歡聽故事的。我的母親喜歡聽有教育意義和特殊的故事,但是我的父親則喜歡聽愉快的、逗人發笑的故事!”

“對,我將不帶什么訂婚的禮物,而帶一個故事來,”他說。這樣他們就分手了。但是公主送給他一把劍,上面鑲著金幣,而這對他特別有用處。

他飛走了,買了一件新的睡衣。于是他坐在樹林里,想編出一個故事。這故事得在星期六編好,而這卻不是一件容易的事兒啦。他總算把故事編好了,這已經是星期六。國王、王后和全體大臣們都到公主的地方來吃茶。他受到非??蜌獾恼写?。

“請您講一個故事好嗎?”王后說,“講一個高深而富有教育意義的故事。”

“是的,講一個使我們發笑的故事!”國王說。

“當然的,”他說。于是他就開始講起故事來?,F在請你好好地聽吧:從前有一捆柴火,這些柴火對自己的高貴出身特別感到驕傲。它們的始祖,那就是說一株大樅樹,原是樹林里一株又大又老的樹。這些柴火每一根就是它身上的一塊碎片。這捆柴火現在躺在打火匣和老鐵罐中間的一個架子上。它們談起自己年輕時代的那些日子來。

“是的,”它們說,“當我們在綠枝上的時候,那才真算是在綠枝上啦!每天早上和晚間我們總有珍珠茶喝——這是露珠。太陽只要一出來,我們整天就有太陽光照著,所有的小鳥都來講故事給我們聽。我們可以看得很清楚,我們是非常富有的,因為一般的寬葉樹只是在夏天才有衣服穿,而我們家里的人在冬天和夏天都有辦法穿上綠衣服。不過,伐木人一來,就要發生一次大的變革:我們的家庭就要破裂。我們的家長成了一條漂亮的船上的主桅——這條船只要它愿意,可以走遍世界。別的枝子就到別的地方去了。而我們的工作卻只是一些為平凡的人點火。因此我們這些出自名門的人就到廚房里來了。”

“我的命運可不同,”站在柴火旁邊的老鐵罐說。“我一出生到這世界上來,就受到了不少的摩擦和煎熬!我做的是一件實際工作——嚴格地講,是這屋子里的第一件工作。我唯一的快樂是在飯后干干凈凈地,整整齊齊地,躺在架子上,同我的朋友們扯些有道理的閑天。除了那個水罐偶爾到院子里去一下以外,我們老是待在家里的。我們唯一的新聞販子是那位到市場去買菜的籃子。他常常像煞有介事地報告一些關于政治和老百姓的消息。是的,前天有一個老罐子嚇了一跳,跌下來打得粉碎。我可以告訴你,他可是一位喜歡亂講話的人啦!”

“你的話講得未免太多了一點,”打火匣說。這時一塊鐵在燧石上擦了一下,火星散發出來。“我們不能把這個晚上弄得愉快一點么?”

 

II. Exercise Choose the correct answer to the following questions.
1. After he had lost all his money, he left some things except _______.
   A. a pair of slippers
   B. an old dressing-gown
   C. four shillings
   D. a diamond

2. Which was send by one of his friends?
   A. an old trunk
   B. some clothes
   C. some money
   D. a new dressing-gown

3. Who lived in the castle near the town with the windows placed so high?
   A. The queen.
   B. The king.
   C. The princess.
   D. The merchant's son.

4. When should the merchant's son go to meet the queen, the king and their daughter?
   A. On Saturday.
   B. On Sunday.
   C. On Monday.
   D. Not have been mentioned in the story.

5. Who was the first in the house?
   A. The matches.
   B. The iron pot.
   C. The tinder-box.
   D. The old quill-pen.

 

III. New Words and Expressions 生詞和詞組 
1. masquerade n. 化裝舞會
2. dressing-gown n. 睡衣
3. Somerset n. 筋斗
4. prophesy v. 預言
5. mermaid n. 美人魚
6. stork n. 鸛鳥
7. stud v. 散布,點綴
8. instructive a. 有教益的,有啟發的
9. descent n. 血統,遺傳
10.saucepan n. 長柄有蓋的深平底鍋
11.dew n. 露水
12.mainmast n. 主桅
13.scour v. 擦凈,沖刷
14.liberal n. 開朗的人,自由主義者

 

Key to Exercise(練習答案)
1.D  2.A  3.C  4.A  5.B


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